The 9 December 2014 issue of the European Heart Journal published an article entitled "Expert position paper on air pollution and cardiovascular disease". The paper is a consensus document on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology and is intended to raise awareness of the link between air pollution and cardiovascular disease.
The paper highlights particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, volatile organic compounds, carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide as the pollutants of greatest concern from a health perspective. The infiltration of outdoor pollutants into buildings results in most exposure occurring indoors.
Findings from a number of studies are described, including:
The authors emphasize that awareness of outdoor pollution and its adverse health effects should not downplay the role of indoor air pollution.